Protein is a Greek word that was first discovered in 1838. Hair has several different parts that start at the root and go to the shaft. When a cross-section of the hair shaft is taken, three major sections can be observed. I did attempt to add a website as an example of where you could go on-line as well. Manual testing of sample after sample is obviously time-consuming and tedious, which is why automated single fiber tensile testing equipment is popular b. Human hair strength varies by ethnicity and chemical treatments. It is made out of dead cells.
This allows the oils to flow over the hair lubricating it, thus making the hair softer. The amount of the water used to rinse the hair 3. The sample carousel contains slots that can be filled with water, which allows for testing to be easily performed in the dry or wet states. Shampoo and Hair Dye This experiment will test the effects of different shampoo brands on hair dye. If you pull on hair slowly and steadily with gradual increasing force the hair will resist for quite some time before breaking. This ratio would be termed the 15% force index although one may also encounter the reporting of a 20% or even 25% force index.
Notes on Statistics Even after taking these precautions, a relatively high standard deviation still arises from this testing and any in vitro single fiber evaluation technique , but this issue can be overcome by running a suitable high number of test samples. It is clear that the molecules used in conventional daily use hair care products are certainly not reactive in this manner, and indeed their relatively large size makes it unlikely that they even penetrate into the inner structure of hair. The effects of hair dye on hair and how dye interacts with water are not only interesting questions but also can be part of a project that is easy to set up. Consumers spend millions of dollars each year on shampoo hoping to improve the looks and health of their hair. If your bolt is in shear, you need to find Shear s … trenghts. It is attached to most Follicles that are in the scalp.
Deformation is the change in the original size or shape of an object. Most people have hairs that contain the medulla; however very fine or naturally blonde hair lacks a medulla. Hair is normally very fine and often not long enough to be used in a cord and yarn style grip. However, this condition obviously swaps out any plasticization effects that may be imparted by a product treatment. The Blood Vessel is connected to the bottom of the Root. Black hair stretched the second furthest and ginger hair stretched the third furthest.
Warning is hereby given that not all Project Ideas are appropriate for all individuals or in all circumstances. Email addresses must contain the symbol. The setup for this project is simple. Beyond this elastic region, for materials, such as steel, deformations are. This unusual hair strength is attributed to the keratin protein of the cortex.
A good reference for material strength data for most species and grades of commerically available wood can be found in the American Institute of Timber Construction handbook. However, a simpler and lower cost gripping alternative technique is to use vice grips with rubber lined jaws. Implementation of any Science Project Idea should be undertaken only in appropriate settings and with appropriate parental or other supervision. The long keratin molecules in the cortex are compressed to form a regular structure, which is not only strong but also incredibly flexible. Reading and following the safety precautions of all materials used in a project is the sole responsibility of each individual. Tensile strength is the largest amount of force that can be applied to an object being stretched or pulled until it breaks. This mitigates the stress concentration at the edge of the jaws almost entirely.
Brown hair experienced the highest tensile stress value before breaking and blonde experienced the lowest tensile stress value before breaking. The type of hair 5. Dye and Water Hardness Water hardness is a description of how many minerals exist in the water. It also has elastic properties. Hair is a part of your body that is used as a protection. Discover simpler and smarter testing with features such as pre-loaded test methods, QuickTest in seconds, enhanced data exporting: and Instron Connect — a new feature that provides a direct communication link to Service.
I think that this will be very beneficial for the hair stylists and consumers who are concerned about their hair. Engineers calculate the cross sectional area of steel cable needed to be safe , and never break apart. The amount of the hair that I used The manipulated variable was the type of shampoo that the hair was soaked in. By means of illustration, it will be shown that the tensile properties of hair can be compromised by certain treatments and conditions, but it will also be demonstrated that the best means of addressing this issue is not necessarily the obvious one. For example, shows typical values for some of these parameters in both the dry and wet states. Hypothesis My hypothesis is that Pantene Pro-V will give the hair the greatest tensile strength. Lighter coloured hair does not have an advantage over dark coloured hair when it comes to tensile strength.
Human hair consists almost entirely of a protein called Keratin. This important relation permits economically important nondestructive testing of bulk metal deliveries with lightweight, even portable equipment, such as hand-held testers. Results The original purpose of this experiment was to determine which shampoo would cause hair to hold against the most pressure. Hydrogen bonds-responsible for hair flexibility- are present in much greater quantities than disulphide linkages, but they are much weaker and more easily broken. Therefore, a relatively small standard error can still be attained, even in the presence of a high standard deviation, by running a high number of replicate samples. For something like an arch, you want compressional strength. Fully saturated, a hair strand can swell up to 15-20% of its original diameter.