Krafft-Ebing thinks that the bisexual predisposition gives to the individual male and female brain cells as well as somatic sexual organs. Accordingly, only the filthy and ill-smelling foot is the sexual object in the perversion which corresponds to the foot fetichism. It shows that the symptoms do not by any means result at the expense only of the so-called normal sexual impulse at least not exclusively or preponderately , but they represent the converted expression of impulses which in a broader sense might be designated as perverse if they could manifest themselves directly in phantasies and acts without deviating from consciousness. If the parents do not possess the abnormality it was not initially ; however it may be transmitted to subsequent generations. Deviation in Reference to the Sexual Aim The union of the genitals in the characteristic act of copulation is taken as the normal sexual aim.
It is but just to state that the necessity of a general recognition of the tendency to inversion in psychoneurotics was first imparted to me personally by Wilh. Bloch Beiträge zur Ätiologie der Psychopathia Sexualis, 2 Teile, 19023 who has also brought into prominence the existence of inversion in the old civilized nations. We have furthermore remarked that some of the examined perversions can be comprehended only by assuming the union of many motives. Having an extra copy of this chromosome means that individuals have three copies of each of its genes instead of two, making it difficult for cells to properly control how much protein is made. Great value has also been placed on the so-called secondary and tertiary sex characteristics, and their aggregate occurrence in the inverted has been emphasized H. The Sexual Aim of Inverts. The conditions in the woman are more definite; here the active inverts, with special frequency, show the somatic and psychic characters of man and desire femininity in their sexual object; though even here greater variation will be found on more intimate investigation.
In a more restrictive sense, any departure from genital-to-genital between a and a. The origin of at least one of the roots of masochism is just as certain. These activities are on the one hand themselves connected with pleasure and on the other hand they enhance the excitement which persists until the definite sexual aim is reached. However, there have been a few cases, including one in Indiana, in which a now-estranged wife insisted that a husband be charged with sodomy for sexual acts while they were living together. It is a crime not it to be named; peccatum illud horrible, inter christianos non nominandum. In rare cases both parts of the sexual apparatus are well developed true hermaphroditism , but usually both are stunted.
The facts contained in the first Contribution have been gathered from the familiar publications of Krafft-Ebing, Moll, Moebius, Havelock Ellis, Schrenk-Notzing, Löwenfeld, Eulenberg, J. The crime of sodomy was classified as a felony. Between the pressure of the craving and the opposition of the sexual rejection an outlet for the disease results, which does not remove the conflict but seeks to elude it by transforming the libidinous strivings into symptoms. Unfit Substitutes for the Sexual Object. Teuscher, 1903 , and the works of Neugebauer in many volumes of the Jahrbuch für sexuelle Zwischenstufen. He who is in any way psychically abnormal, be it in social or ethical conditions, is, according to my experience, regularly so in his sexual life. The individual impulse, however, on account of its intensity, is independent of the development of the others, but the study of the positive perversions gives us the accurate opponent to it.
Chromosome anomalies usually occur when there is an error in following or. Davis Law Review 36 February. The experience gained from the so-called abnormal cases teaches us that there exists between the sexual impulse and the sexual object a connection which we are in danger of overlooking in the uniformity of normal states where the impulse seems to bring with it the object. In the picture of the disease, however, the preponderant rôle is played by either one or the other of the opposing tendencies. The tendency to linger at this intermediary sexual aim of the sexually accentuated looking is found to a certain degree in most normals; indeed it gives them the possibility of directing a certain amount of their libido to a higher artistic aim. The same also holds true in the somatic androgyny. The contribution of the last is indispensable for the understanding of the morbid nature of the symptoms; it almost regularly controls some portion of the social behavior of the patient.
We are thus instructed to fix our attention upon this connection between the impulse and the object. There is frequently found in the inverted a diminution of the sexual impulse H. I do not mean that the energy of the sexual impulse contributes to the forces supporting the morbid manifestations symptoms , but I wish distinctly to maintain that this supplies the only constant and the most important source of energy in the neurosis, so that the sexual life of such persons manifests itself either exclusively, preponderately, or partially in these symptoms. I, 1899 Die objektive Diagnose der Homosexualitat by M. Krafft-Ebing as sadism or the active form, and masochism or the passive form.
In a non-sexual impulse originating from impulses of motor sources we can distinguish a contribution from a stimulus-receiving organ, such as the skin, mucous membrane, and sensory organs. But we do not know the characteristics of a female brain. The significance of the factor of sexual over-estimation can be best studied in the man, in whom alone the sexual life is accessible to investigation, whereas in the woman it is veiled in impenetrable darkness, partly in consequence of cultural stunting and partly on account of the conventional reticence and dishonesty of women. Hence, the propensity of those holding this view to separate the group of absolute inverts from the others results in the abandonment of the general conception of inversion. The neurosis is, so to say, the negative of the perversion. The importance of these abnormalities lies in the fact that they unexpectedly facilitate the understanding of the normal formation.
In the perversions which claim sexual significance for the oral cavity and the anal opening the part played by the erogenous zone is quite obvious. But it should not be interpreted as espousing a cause when I observe that the basis of this loathingnamely, that this part of the body serves for the excretion and comes in contact with the loathsome excrementis not more plausible than the basis which hysterical girls have for the disgust which they entertain for the male genital because it serves for urination. A police officer was let into Hardwick's home to serve a warrant and saw the sexual act. It originates from the sexual over-estimation as a necessary psychic sequence of the selection of a sexual object. The symptoms are therefore partially formed at the cost of abnormal sexuality.