It puts planning and control of the work place activities exclusively in the hands of the management. Frederick Winslow Taylor - Father of Scientific Management. These are considered few advantages and disadvantages of scientific management theory. Mwamba Department of Commerce School of Business and Economics February 8, 2016 1. Efficiency increased: They follow early working method and control where a management methodology is developed for the purpose of training, selecting and supervising them in a close manner.
It provides useful information on which to base improvement in working methods. Through training, employees are assessed by their mental or physical abilities and paired to the appropriate job function with the correct tools to do their job. When there is no unity of command, there is confusion and disorder in the organization. This aspect embraces the workers and tries to introduce ideal conditions of work. As such, commercial research often treads across moral boundaries. Avoids bargaining: Since the scientific approach follows piece work pay system, there is not chance for any realistic bargaining regarding the wage rates, as the tasks are timed, measured and rated scientifically. Also, each individual member of staff were scientifically trained and developed rather than leaving them to train themselves, giving them a much more successful working environment and the stability of a long term working relationship.
Production operations are pre-established and this results in lesser production delays. If yes, how long will it take for p. Therefore, it has not adequately spelled out various types of actions which can be taken under different situations. No doubt, methodology is available but because of the involvement of too many factors, testing becomes difficult. It stems from the belief that, if you give an Indian a corner he would end up setting a shop. Since scientific selection and training methods are followed, it leads to a workforce which is best and enhances efficiency. Higher levels of productivity lead to the business becoming more successful, which in turn leads to increased salaries for workers.
That can be come a problem. These include analysis; synthesis; logic; rationality; empiricism; work ethic; efficiency and elimination of waste; standardization of best practices; modern management theory was born, 1911 might be a logical choice. Owners and investors benefitted: Large scale production and enhanced productivity moves forward for enhanced turn overs and more profit for investors. He found that the management was unaware of how much work was actually being done and that workers deliberately shirked work. Benefit to customers: With the help of scientific management theory there is triple benefits for the consumers. Pay system: With the theory is followed, where payment is monitored based in piecework. By this way, there is pressure influenced in the work place for the workers too.
Proper working hours followed by rest pauses, adequate lighting, ventilation, ensuring proper safety, provision of many other amenities etc. The differential incentive plan provides higher wages to efficient workers. How relevant are Taylorism and the scientific management approach in today's business world?. So what are the merits and demerits with the raymond mill while in the raymond approach? However, when mistakes are made it can undermine the entire strength of the team. The theory is applied only for certain factories where the performance is measured in a quantitative manner. There are various principles of management that all organizations utilize in many different situations, but there are several disadvantages inherent in these principles.
The contract of employment is important because it contains key information about your employment that you need to know such as you hours of work, the main terms and conditions of your. The employees are also saved from getting confused and being overworked as there is standardization and rules and regulations; about the machines, modus operandi and the workings of the labour force. By this way, industrial disputes are reduced and peace in an industry is achieved. Equal Division of Responsibility between Management and Workers Advantages of Scientific Management Theory: Let us discuss scientific management theory advantages or benefits. Management is the way that people come together, as a collective, to perform a task in a cohesive and consistent manner. For him, human real motivation is salary so employers must abuse them.
It fosters relentless competition and disintegration within groups. For a given organisation, super system constitutes environment and management can be applied to supra-system also. They have been privileged to play a role in helping millions of people over the world be well and stay well through more than a century of change. In-spite of the various contributions, contingency approach has not been acknowledged as a unified theory of management because it suffers from some limitations. Hence it is suggested to make a complete research about the theory and review if it would be suitable for the organization and later adopt it. This lead to the topic that I am going to write about which is the pros and cons of Scientific Management. Decreased autocracy: The theory stimulates the management to adopt a positive relationship with leadership.
The main intention of scientific management theory is to enhance economic efficiency, specifically labor productivity. It puts planning and control of the work place activities exclusively in the hands of the management. This theory was considered as one of the best and initial effort where science was applied to management and engineering of process. It rules out any realistic bargaining of the wage rates since jobs are measured, timed and rated scientifically. Functions of Scientific Management Theory: Though the scientific theory of management provided tools for workers to enhance their output and efficiency, employees did only menial work and hence the theory criticism of the classical theory of management faced critics for developing an assembly-line atmosphere. Management takes control: The management takes complete responsibility related to control and planning of work place activities.